This is the place to write about our gastronomy, traditions, tales, songs and so on. Let's share the flavour of our cultures!
Pythagora's Banquet
What great Mathematicians ate was a subject that was discussed and researched by the Greek team ever since AToM began.
The result is this photostory that combines history with imagination, mathematicians and nutricion.
It also joins Greek and Italian history!
Credits:
Research: Lefteris Sigiannis
Script: Lefteris Sigiannis and ms Efi Loupaki
Dramatization: Theodor Aravanis, Odysseas (Ulysses) Violetis, Foteini Peppa, Alexandre Anouar, Alexandre Leondis, Michael Zafirakis, Andreas Papacostas, Lazaros Panagiotidis
Photos: Natalie Mandikou, Ms Efi Loupaki, School library
Pythagoras' cup provided by Ioanna Roussi
Pythagoras' cup provided by Ioanna Roussi
Songs written and performed by Andreas Papacostas, Vretti Kotorou, Natalie Mandikou
Editing: School Libary
Dimensions
I came across a series of nice videos on Geometry, here is one of them, I chose the one that explains the difference between a two and three dimensional world. More videos are here.
Enjoy them!
First of March talisman from Bucarest
We got a gift from Romania with March talismans, Romanian music and cards drawn and written by our twinners in Bucharest. In Greece we have the same custom, wearing a string of red and white intertwined "so that the March sun won't scorch you'. This March we got snow as well as fair, sunny days. That is why tradition has it that March was a man with two wives, a sulky one and a smiling one. You can guess why! At the end of May we will hang the talisman from a tree, just like in Romania! Thank you very much!
Lullaby of the Onion
from Joan Manuel Serrat
Based on a poem from Miguel Hernández, a Spanish poet who was taken to prison because of his republican ideals and activities during the Civil War.
Being in prison he received a letter from his wife, telling him she could only eat bread and onion. Here is the translation:
The onion is frost
shut in and poor.
Frost of your days
and of my nights.
Hunger and onion,
black ice and frost
large and round.
My little boy
was in hunger's cradle.
He was nursed
on onion blood.
But your blood
is frosted with sugar,
onion and hunger.
Proverbs
Maths and Poetry
While mathematical language can empower the imagery of a poem; mathematical structure can deepen its effect. Have a taste of a menu of poems made rich by mathematical ingredients, a collective work of the Romanian team
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Source of this poem here
Scutecele Domnului
by Tania Calinoiu
These are traditional Christmas cakes. Their name literally means “God’s diapers”. Here is how they are made: prepare some unleavened dough of flour, water and a pinch of salt. Break small pieces of dough, and spread it in thinround shaped sheets, which are baked on both sides. Bake them in a hot oven on a tray, for only a few minutes, on one sheet of baking paper, until they are golden and crispy.
They can be prepared the day before Christmas Eve and then left to dry. On Christmas Eve, you prepare a light syrup of warm water sweetened with honey or sugar, spiced with vanilla, rum and the zest from one lemon and one orange.
After each cake is soaked in the syrup, sprinkle on them some crushed nuts mixed with brown sugar. Let ithem rest for a while, so the essences and textures merge, and cut them in a square, rhombuses, or any other Geometrical shapes, according to your imagination.
Enjoy them!
Valentine AToM quotes
Valentine AToM quotes
"In the arithmetic of love, one plus one equals everything, and two minus one equals nothing.'
Mignon McLaughlin quotes (American Journalist and Author, 19131983)
"In love, one plus one equals one".
Jean Paul Sartre, French philosopher, (19051980)
"Love is like Mathematics. Like geometry, it requires proof beyond words. Like algebra it requires equality and truth, so the the human equation will work. Like the abrstract number theory, it takes imagination and subversive thought. Besides, to many it remains a still unsolved problem." Aggeliki Varela, 16, grandaughter of the famous Greek childrens' author.
Dragobete, our own Valentine's Day
by Andrei Ion
Dragobete is a traditional Romania holiday, celebrated on February 24, almost identical to Valentine's Day, and also celebrated in February.
Dragobete was the name of Baba Dochia’s son. Baba Dochia is a mythological character who brings the spring on March 1^{st}. According to some legends, she was a Dacian woman that the emperor Trajan fell in love with, while others say she is Saint Evdokia.
The day is known as ,,navalnicul'' or ,,the day when the birds are betrothed". It is around this time that the birds begin to build their nests. On this day, considered locally as the first day of spring, boys and girls gather vernal flowers and sing together. Maidens used to collect the snow that still lies on the ground in many villages and then melt it, using the water in magic potions throughout the rest of the year. Those who take part in Dragobete customs are supposed to be protected from illness, for the rest of the year. If the weather allows, girls and boys pick snowdrops or other early spring plants for the person they are courting. In Romania, Dragobete is known as a day for lovers, rather like Valentine's Day.
It is a common belief in some parts of Romania that, during this celebration, if you step over your partner's foot, you will have the dominant role in your relationship. Dragobete customs vary from region to region.
Geometry
Geometry is all around us, just take a look at this tulip: the longer petals make an equilateral triangle, while the short petals make another, with the same circumcenter. That means that the center of the circumscribed circles is the same for the two triangles, so the triangles have the same perpendicular bisectors. Do you suppose the tulip knows the amount of Geometry its petals hold?
Geometry and Psychology
Draw yourelf using up to 12 (careful, no more, no less!) shapes (triangles, circles and squares). This is a personality test and the pomegranate team in Elefsina will tell you the answers!
This is Pomegranate team Natalie’s work during art class. The pentagon was the Pythagorian’s secret sign, because it was considered a perfect shape. It contains three different geometrical shapes (can you guess which ones?) and its proportions were the golden ratio (see below for more). You can enjoy, as we did the Disney film “Donald in Mathmagic Land”, Part 1, Part 2 and Part 3 concerning the pentagon, the golden ratio and much more!
Geometry and Psychology
Draw yourelf using up to 12 (careful, no more, no less!) shapes (triangles, circles and squares). This is a personality test and the pomegranate team in Elefsina will tell you the answers!
You can draw by hand or on the computer. Have a go! Look at what the great author Leo Tolstoi said:
"A man is like a fraction whose numerator is what he is and whose denominator is what he thinks of himself. The larger the denominator, the smaller the fraction." Leo Tolstoy
AToM Baby
Geometry on Plates"A man is like a fraction whose numerator is what he is and whose denominator is what he thinks of himself. The larger the denominator, the smaller the fraction." Leo Tolstoy
AToM Baby
Have you ever thought about the first logical thought a baby makes? Careful, we are talking about reason, not sentiment. Write a comment in the box.You can be as funny as you like!
Help here.
Free slideshow design generated with Smilebox 
Free slideshow design generated with Smilebox
The Golden Ratio

In mathematics and the arts, two quantities are in the golden ratio if the ratio of the sum of the quantities to the larger quantity is equal to the ratio of the larger quantity to the smaller one. That is: (a+b):a = a:b. The golden ratio is an irrational mathematical constant, approximately 1.6180339887. Other names frequently used for the golden ratio are the golden section (Latin: sectio aurea) and golden mean. The golden ratio is often denoted by the Greek letter phi (φ). The golden section was found by Pthagoreans.
A golden rectangle is one whose side lengths are in the golden ratio, approximately 1:1.618. A distinctive feature of this shape is that when a square section is removed, the remainder is another golden rectangle; that is, with the same proportions as the first. Square removal can be repeated infinitely.
The golden rectangle was considered by ancient Greeks to be one of the most pleasant proportion and it was used in architecture. Some studies of the Acropolis, including the Parthenon, conclude that many of its proportions approximate the golden ratio.^{ }Maybe our Greek partners can show us some examples!
But the golden ratio has continued to fascinate and influence artists until the modern days, and it is to be found in painting, scuplture, music, design, and even in nature.
Here is an example from Bucharest: the Romanian Atheneum.
And an example from the Netherlands: a golden rectangles coffee table!
Christmas at home in Avila
The main characteristic of Christmas decoration in Spain is the Nativity Scene. Families can, even treasure their own ones from one generation to another. Depending on the room they have and on the children, their scenes are more or less elaborated.
In New Year's Eve, after dinner, we have 12 grapes: one for each month. It is lucky to have all of them.
Look for the Three Wise Men in our photos and remember, they are the dearest figures as they represent the "Expectation Night". Everybody polishes shoes and leave them near the window on the night of 5th January expecting to get presents. Then, in the morning we have the "Roscón de Reyes", a typical cake with a surprise inside.
Christmas at home from Valentina Cuadrado on Vimeo.
The 12 days of Christmas festivities in Greece
In my opinion, the first glimpse of logical reasoning is the implication, the "if". It comes into a baby's little brain very early in this form: "if I cry, mum will hold me". An we all know it's correct! :)
ReplyDeleteI can't think of a better answer. Can it be made into an equation?
ReplyDeleteThe Romanian plates are dazzling! The colour, the patterns! We have a Romanian Easter egg in our school, sent by our twinners in Targoviste (the other two broke :(( ) and everybody admires them.
ReplyDeleteI love the Tolstoy quote.
ReplyDeleteVery interesting Christmas traditions, we also have the ones for the Epiphany and the one with the lucky coin.
ReplyDeleteI like the rose, let's see if the students will recognize the shapes! They will try to answer next week.
ReplyDeleteAs for the pie, we might have a pietask for the Piday! :)
These traditions, tales and songs are very interesting, especially the Dragobete and the tulip one.
ReplyDelete"The God's diapers" and the Greece pie made me hungry! They seem to be so delicious !!!
ReplyDeleteHi!I'm Armand and in my opinion Greece his a good team and this boat is delicious!!!!!!
ReplyDeleteHI I'm Razvan in my opinion the Greek picture with the Thales triangles is beautiful.
ReplyDeleteHi! I'm Alexander and I want to congratulate you for hard working.
ReplyDeleteOur romanian traditions are intresting , but your tradition is fantastic!I think is great to know other traditions ! P.s.:I think your food is very tasty!
ReplyDeletefrom Romania
Hy. I am Vali.I liked The 12 days of Christmas festivities in Greece .
ReplyDeleteThe AtoM rose penthagon has a trapezoid, a rhombus and two isosceles triangles. One of
ReplyDeletethem is a golden triangle and the other is a golden gnomon. Their sides are in the golden ratio. This rose is very intresting!
Actually you found more shapes in the pentagon than we did! Well done! Thank you for your comments, but we honestly think Romania is full of colour, music and surprises.
ReplyDeleteI really like nick's pomegranate interesting work and ms Irina's nature photos! We could add some nature photos of mine (and from other kids if they want) as well!
ReplyDeleteGood job!
Natalie, Greece
Natalie have you noticed all the Geometry in the nature photos? :)
ReplyDeleteSure, show us some nature and Maths images. If I may suggest something, and at the same time anticipate a future activity, can we have some symmetry photos?
I'm glad you got our tiny letter, I suspected it got lost on the way. I'll tell the kids it arrived. Thank you!
ReplyDeleteHi! Could someone give the answers to the "draw 12 shapes test" please? I have done it a very long time ago and I just remembered and been looking for the results all over the internet... Thx
ReplyDeleteHi, Linas. Sorry for the late answer; here it is: the rectangles stand for the mind, the triangles for emotion and the circles for ... the other thing! ;)
ReplyDelete